Category: Project Management Professional (PMP)® Exam using A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide)

The PMP Exam is Changing on 16 December 2019


The Project Management Institute (PMI)® announced that a change is coming to The Project Management Professional (PMP)® exam in December 2019. In this article, we explore what this means if you are currently studying for your PMP® exam. (Spoiler alert: Don't delay. Take the exam NOW!)

To learn more about this change directly from PMI®, please visit the following page

And if you have any questions that are not answered anywhere, then please visit our PMP Discussion Forum where we have a dedicated discussion thread to answer any questions that you may have at this time.

Note: This article will be updated whenever new information becomes available. Check back often and see the Changelog at the bottom of the article for recent updates.

Why is The PMP Exam Changing in 2019?

The exam is changing because our jobs as project managers have changed.

Every 3-5 years, PMI® conducts research to understand how the profession has progressed, the impact of emerging trends, and how the responsibilities of project managers have changed.  The last round of this research was conducted in 2015 and resulted in the current PMP exam content outline.

Subject matter experts from leading organizations around the world have worked with PMI to define the PMP of the future. The result of this research was the publication of a new PMP Examination Content Outline in June of 2019, and six months later, this new outline will lead to an updated PMP exam.

When is the PMP Exam Changing in 2019?

There are three important dates to remember for those currently studying for the exam:

30 June 2019

PMI published the new PMP Exam Content Outline

15 December 2019

This is the last day to take the current version of the PMP Exam.

16 December 2019

This is the first day to take the new version of the PMP Exam.

What are the 2019 PMP Exam Changes?


A new PMP Examination Content Outline was published on 30 June 2019. This document defines the syllabus/content of the PMP exam. This means that PMI is currently updating the PMP exam to match the new syllabus and the new exam will go into effect on 16 December 2019.

Here are both documents for you to download. Please note that the link to the 2015 document will stop working once PMI removes it from its website:

So just to be absolutely clear: Contrary to what many students and trainers may think, the PMP exam is NOT based on A Guide to The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide). The PMBOK® Guide is only one of several references PMI uses to design their PMP exam questions. Instead, the exam is based on The PMP Examination Content Outline. A new version of this outline was published in June 2019, and PMI will use this new outline as the basis to update the exam.

The 2019 PMP Exam Changes explained

In a nutshell: the current PMP exam is based on 5 performance domains, but starting December 16th the exam will be based on 3 domains.

Domain Current ECO 2015 New ECO 2019
Domain I Initiating People
Domain II Planning Process
Domain III Executing Business Environment
Domain IV Monitoring & Controlling
Domain V Closing

Here is what this change from 5 to 3 domains means:

  • PMI published the new exam content outline on 30 June 2019.
  • The new outline is a 'radical' but extremely valuable departure from all previous exam content outlines
  • The new PMP exam will require candidates to have experience in and answer questions from three domains:
    • People (42%)
    • Process (50%)
    • Business Environment (8%)
  • Within each of these three domains the exam content outline lists Tasks (what we project managers do) and Enablers (the actions we take to complete the tasks).
  • PMI also clearly states that About half of the examination will represent predictive project management approaches and the other half will represent agile or hybrid approaches.

What are the Consequences of the 2019 PMP Exam Change?

Consequence 1: The New PMP Exam is BIGGER

Our analysis of the changes shows that about 70% of the current exam is now contained within Domain II: Process, and that the other two domains - People and Business Environment - contain largely new content.

Consequence 2: Agile is a MUST

Half of the questions on the new exam will be about agile and hybrid approaches. Therefore you must have both knowledge and experience of what it's like to work in these environments.

Consequence 3: The new PMP Exam will be HARDER

With so many new topics and methods that have been added to the exam and that you have to know about, it's no surprise that passing the exam will be harder.

Is The PMBOK® Guide Changing?


The PMP exam uses the PMBOK® Guide Sixth Edition as one of the references for the PMP Exam. The PMBOK® Guide Seventh Edition is not expected until 2023. This means that the PMBOK® Guide is not changing and that PMI will continue to use the Sixth Edition as an exam reference until at least 2023.

Therefore, use the PMBOK® Guide Sixth Edition no matter if you are taking the exam before or after 15 December 2019.

I'm Studying for the PMP Exam. What Does All This Mean for Me?

We recommend that you plan on taking the exam before it changes in December.

If you plan on taking the PMP exam on or before 15 December 2019

  • Continue your studies without changing anything.
  • Use the current PMP Exam Content Outline (published in 2015) as your general guide to the exam.
  • Study using the PMBOK® Guide Sixth Edition.
  • Try and schedule your exam no later than 15 November 2019 so that you can avoid the 'mad rush' expected for December when everyone wants to take the exam before the change.
  • Scheduling your exam in November also gives you an additional month to take it again in case you don't pass at first.

If you plan on taking the PMP exam on or after 16 December 2019

  • Download the new PMP Exam Content Outline (June 2019) and read it cover to cover so you understand the topics you will be asked about on the new exam.
  • Continue your studies using the PMBOK® Guide Sixth Edition. It is still valid.
  • Study The Agile Practice Guide and learn about agile approaches.
  • Contact your training provider and ask them if they have performed a comparison between the old and new exam content outline and if they will be updating your training materials. (We have and we will. See further below.)
  • Find out how and when you will be given access to any additional training materials they provide.
  • Study using the updated materials provided to you by your training provider.
  • Schedule your exam on or after 16 December 2019

Should I take the PMP Exam before or after the 2019 Update?


Preparing for the PMP exam takes approximately 8-12 weeks. Therefore, if you are reading this before 15 October 2019 then you have enough time to do it. If you are reading this after 15 October 2019 then it is still possible but your window of opportunity is getting smaller by the day.

How Can I Pass The PMP Exam Before the 2019 Update?

Click here for the spreadsheet shown in the above video

Here are our recommended steps. Please remember that everyone learns differently and that you may have to adjust this approach to your personal needs. Also, the closer we are to December 16, the harder it will be for you to successfully study and complete the exam:

Step 1
Read the article How to Get PMP Certification - The Complete Guide in order to understand the process of obtaining your certificate.
Step 2
Read the article Creating Your PMP Study Plan - The Complete Guide to understand what a solid study plan contains.
Step 3
Buy The PM PrepCast in order to get your PMP training completed.
Step 4
Buy The PMP Exam Simulator so you have access to PMP Practice Exam questions.
Step 5
Develop a study plan based on what you learned in step 2 and the video above. In particular you should take as many sample exams in the simulator from step 4 as possible and analyze each incorrectly answered question in detail.
Step 6
Plan on scheduling and passing your exam around 15 November 2019

If you meet the PMP exam eligibility requirements then we strongly encourage you to get certified before the exam changes. Using The PM PrepCast and The PMP Exam Simulator -- called The PM PrepCast Elite -- is a combination used by over 50,000 students so far.

Will You Update The PM PrepCast?

Yes. We will be developing new and updated content for the PrepCast. The update will be free of charge for customers who purchased a license of The PM PrepCast Sixth Edition after 2018-03-01 and who have not yet passed their PMP exam.

Here is our overall schedule:

Milestone Date
Perform a gap analysis between the PrepCast and the new ECO 2019-08-21
Develop new/additional training content 2019-10-31
Publish the updates 2019-11-15

We are planning to update The PM PrepCast "in place". By this we mean that any new/additional content will be added to the current PrepCast and will be available to customers who purchased a license of The PM PrepCast Sixth Edition after 2018-03-01 and who have not yet passed their PMP exam. We will clearly label which lessons are for the old/new exam.

Will You Update The PMP Exam Simulator?

Yes. We will update all our existing questions to meet the new exam content outline. We will also develop new questions. Our current Simulator 6.0 will remain in place until December 15 but starting November 15 the new Simulator 6.1 will be available for purchase.

Here is our overall schedule:

Milestone Date
Perform a gap analysis between all questions in the Simulator 6.0 and the new ECO 2019-08-21
Update existing questions and develop new questions for Simulator 6.1 to meet new ECO guidelines 2019-10-31
Publish the updated Simulator 6.1 2019-11-15
Take Simulator 6.0 offline 2019-12-16
Begin to migrate customers with active subscriptions from Simulator 6.0 to Simulator 6.1 (May take up to 1 week to complete) 2019-12-16

Customers of Simulator 6.0 who have an active subscription on December 15 will be migrated to Simulator 6.1 and receive a complimentary 90-day access.

Will You Update The PMP Formula Study Guide?

No. We have determined that all the formulas remain the same.

And what does Cornelius Fichtner think?

Cornelius Fichtner

As a PMP trainer, I have always focused not only on teaching my students how to pass their exam but also on how to become better project managers. That is why I think the change in the ECO is a step in the right direction.

With this change, PMI is moving away from the five current and somewhat ‘technical’ domains and shifts the focus of the exam to test a candidate’s knowledge of, and experience, in the skills necessary to actually lead and manage a project.

This is not to say that the knowledge of project management methods, concepts, and techniques, is any less important, but a candidate will now also need to show that they truly know how to lead a project and how to bring it to successful completion.

Cornelius Fichtner, PMP, CSM
President, OSP International LLC


Here is the history of the updates made to this article:

Original article published.
Added link to PMI page in second paragraph.
Updated almost all sections of the article with new information.

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